Publication Ethics Principles

The authors, reviewers and editors/publisher shall follow the international standards stated in the COPE Core practices and COPE Guidelines, Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing


  • „The research being reported should have been conducted in an ethical and responsible manner and should comply with all relevant legislation.
  • Researchers should present their results clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation.
  • Researchers should strive to describe their methods clearly and unambiguously so that their findings can be confirmed by others.
  • Researchers should adhere to the publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarised, and has not been published elsewhere.
  • Authors should take collective responsibility for submitted and published work.
  • The authorship of research publications should accurately reflect individuals’ contributions to the work and its reporting.
  • Funding sources and relevant conflicts of interest should be disclosed.“

In COPE: Responsible research publication: international standards for authors.


Reviewers should: 

  • Only agree to review manuscripts for which they have the subject expertise required to carry out a proper assessment and which they can assess in a timely manner.
  • Respect the confidentiality of peer review and not reveal any details of a manuscript or its review, during or after the peer-review process, beyond those that are released by the journal.
  • Not use information obtained during the peer-review process for their own or any other person’s or organization’s advantage, or to disadvantage or discredit others.
  • Declare all potential conflicting interests, seeking advice from the journal if they are unsure whether something constitutes a relevant interest.
  • Not allow their reviews to be influenced by the origins of a manuscript, by the nationality, religious or political beliefs, gender or other characteristics of the authors, or by commercial considerations.
  • Be objective and constructive in their reviews, refraining from being hostile or inflammatory and from making libellous or derogatory personal comments.
  • Provide journals with personal and professional information that is accurate and a true representation of their expertise.
  • Recognize that impersonation of another individual during the review process is considered a serious misconduct.

In COPE: Ethical guidelines for peer reviewers. September 2017.



  • Handles all information, manuscripts and reviews as confidential materials and does not disseminate it outside the editorial office.
  • Guarantees the anonymity of reviewers (single blind review) or reviewers and authors (double blind review).
  • Should always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.
  • Editorial decisions should not be affected by the origins of the manuscript, including the nationality, ethnicity, political beliefs, race, or religion of the authors.

The editors shall follow the COPE Code of Conduct for Journal Editor.