Essential oils in Czech hop varieties

Authors

  • Vladimír Nesvadba Hop Research Institute Co., Ltd., Saaz, Kadaňská 2525, 438 01 Žatec, Czech Republic
  • Jana Olšovská Research Institute of Brewing and Malting, Lípová 15, 120 44 Prague, Czech Republic
  • Lenka Straková Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of AgriSciences, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
  • Jitka Charvátová Hop Research Institute Co., Ltd., Saaz, Kadaňská 2525, 438 01 Žatec, Czech Republic
  • Sabina Trnková Hop Research Institute Co., Ltd., Saaz, Kadaňská 2525, 438 01 Žatec, Czech Republic

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18832/kp2021.67.447

Keywords:

hop, Humulus lupulus L., essential oils, variability

Abstract

Czech hop varieties were evaluated as part of maintenance breeding. The evaluation was performed in a single location between 2011 and 2020. The average weight of hop essential oils (HEOs) is 0.43 to 2.28% w/w. The Saaz, Saaz Brilliant, Mimosa, Saaz Shine and Saaz Comfort hop varieties have a low amount of HEOs. Their maximum content of these compounds amounts to 1.1% w/w. The average proportion of myrcene is between 23.42 and 45.14% rel. Only the Agnus, Vital and Boomerang hop varieties have the maximum myrcene proportion above 50% rel. The average share of caryophyllene ranges between 6.19 and 13.15% rel. Saaz Late has a broad range of caryophyllene percentage – from 5.39% rel. to 15.53% rel. The average percenatge of farnesene is between 0.14 and 16.91% rel. Only the Saaz Comfort and Saaz Shine hop varieties have the maximum farnesene share above 20% rel. The average humulene content has a very broad range between 2.23 and 35.79% rel. The Vital, Mimosa, Gaia and Saaz Comfort hop varieties are in a group with a low humulene percentage, which is clearly different from other hop varieties. The average share of selinenes ranges broadly from 0.97 to 33.56% rel. Mimosa differs from the before mentioned varieties with its proportion of selinenes between 23.08 and 43.75% rel. The aim was to characterize and compare Czech hop varieties in terms of content and composition of HEOs.

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growing of the Harmonie variety in the hopyard

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Published

2021-06-15

How to Cite

Nesvadba, V., Olšovská, J., Straková, L., Charvátová, J., & Trnková, S. (2021). Essential oils in Czech hop varieties. KVASNY PRUMYSL, 67(3), 447-454. https://doi.org/10.18832/kp2021.67.447

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